A description of hosting
As its name suggests, web hosting is a service, which entails hosting online content. There are various forms and types of hosting, based on the mission and on the usage. Still, they all pertain to hosting files, which, once hosted, are made available through the World Wide Web. A web host is in fact a web hosting service that is linked to the Internet and has its own IP address, which permits users to have access to it via the Internet. The hosting server's configuration and its resources depend on the form of web hosting service it will be utilized for.
What are the various forms of web hosting?
Based on the usage, the business hosting solution may be:
File Storage Hosting - this form of hosting enables the customers to stash their files on a given hosting server. With the common file hosting service, the files that are accommodated may only be accessed by the client that's using the service. This web hosting solution generally applies to backups of PCs , documents, personal files and even other servers. This service may also include certain limitations with regard to the server storage space and the root access. There may also be web traffic limits, but that depends on the particular web hosting provider.
Warez Web Hosting - the so-called warez web hosting solution is comparable with the previous hosting service type. Nevertheless, in contrast with the file storage hosting service, the warez web hosting solution is used for distributing copyrighted materials without the sanction of the patent holder. In short - it is connected with the forbidden propagation of files and docs. There are a lot of ways for this to be accomplished, but the two principal ways are - through plain Hypertext Transfer Protocol downloading and through P2P connections. The first way involves either a particular site, or, most typically, simply a directory on a web server that's been made available for everyone to access it and thereby download proprietary files for free. The second approach involves a peer-to-peer connection, utilizing the so-called Torrent servers, via which people transmit files between each other. There are a few site hosting vendors that permit such form of web hosting on their hosting servers, chiefly because of all the legal problems that it entails. Typically such web portals are hosted on personal dedicated hosting servers that are registered by third-party corporations either in the Middle East or in Asia.
Mail Web Hosting - this solution is used with both shared hosting and dedicated web hosting servers, based on the customer's desire. If you would like to set up your very own personal SMTP electronic mail server, then you will need either a virtual server or a dedicated server that offers the access level needed to carry out such an assignment. For traditional electronic mail web hosting purposes, though, you can set up a normal shared site hosting account, to which you can point the MX records of your domain. This is not a service that's very popular, since the web page hosting and the email hosting services are being served by 2 different servers, usually owned by separate web hosting providers.
Website Hosting - the most widespread and commonly used hosting service as of now. It's utilized for hosting site files, whose type is dependent on the OS the server is using - Linux or Windows. Different types of files necessitate concrete server OSs, or else they won't be shown properly on the Web. This kind of hosting may have server space and bandwidth restrictions, root access and CPU usage limits.
Based on the mission and on the objectives, the user should pick the type of hosting server that he demands for his project, and, of course, the website hosting vendor that's going to provide it. There are several sorts of servers, depending on the specifications and the web hosting solutions that they provide. These are:
Shared Hosting Server - a shared web site hosting server provides a smaller amount of resources, which, of course, reflects on the price of the service. It can be utilized for hosting small scale and middle sized websites, which do not need big amounts of web storage space and bandwidth.
Semi-Dedicated Servers Hosting - they perform on the same principle as the shared web servers. Even so, there are much less customers accommodated on the same hosting server. Therefore, each of them will have a bigger quota of the web server's resources like RAM, data storage, web traffic and CPU. Perfect for hosting bulky web sites that do not require complete root-level access.
Virtual Servers - the VPSs are excellent for medium size web sites, which do need root access to the web hosting server's config files. Traditionally, there are a few VPS web hosting server accounts located on the same machine. In spite of that, each of them is independent from the other ones and has its own OS.
Dedicated Servers - a completely dedicated web server configured and accessed by you and solely you. It ensures a gigantic quantity of system resources. It also gives full root-level access, which makes it the optimal environment for any type of web page that needs a website hosting solution.
The only question that remains is:
Which webspace hosting vendor should I choose?
As mentioned, there are very few hosting companies providing warez hosting solutions due to judicial troubles. Such companies are being shut down virtually every month. For that reason, if you wish to create such a service, you should do it on your very own PC. The shared web hosting solution is the most famous kind of hosting service. So, each webspace hosting vendor provides it. Not all of them, however, offer solutions such as private virtual hosting servers, semi-dedicated web hosting servers and dedicated hosting servers. Most of the small sized site hosting corporations do not have the means needed for offering those solutions. Hence it's always best to select a bigger company that can furnish its clients with all the services that they need. You can quickly identify such web hosts by the sorts of services that they are offering and by the manner in which they introduce them to the clientele. For example, some companies allow you to commence with a smaller web hosting package and subsequently shift to a bigger one, if you deem it obligatory to do so. This is very convenient, because you do not have to transmit web sites between web hosting servers and there is no chance of suffering service disturbances due to all the problems that may take place. Companies like Free Hostia are offering all sorts of solutions and have the necessary server resources and personnel to guarantee that their customers will not run into any complications when changing services, which is what a top hosting company is actually all about.